THE REINKING FAMILY PICTORIAL HISTORY IN INDONESIA
Leendert Reinking immigrated to Indonesia from Netherlands in 1880 as supervisor to Kalipantjing tobacco plantation in Loemadjang - East Java. His father was a German, Cord Heinrich Wilhelm, and his mother was a Rotterdamer, Maria Loos.
The Nio Nio, a Chinese-Javanese living in Soerabaia, in an 1860 photograph. She had four daughters and one son from her concubinage with a Dutchman.
One of The Nio Nio's daughters, Anna Klasina Hillegonda, fell in love and married young Leendert Reinking in 1884.
Leendert and Anna Reinking had five children, the oldest of which is Hendrik Willem Reinking (1885-1945), standing at the centre in this 1899 photograph. He studied as pharmacist, but ended-up working in his father's tobacco plantation.
In 1906, 21-year-old Hendrik married Sarah "Saartje" Everdina Maria Smit, daughter of prominent Dutch settler in Soerabaia.
The Smit family of Soerabaia in 1918.
THE BOUWMAN FAMILY PICTORIAL HISTORY IN INDONESIA
Berend Bouwman immigrated from Netherlands to Soemenep, Madoera, East Java in 1899. He became schoolmaster and married daughter of Dutch settler family in Soerabaia, Esther Wills. They had one daughter Annie and one son Henk. Here they posed in 1911 at their Soemenep home.
Berend Bouwman (back row, third from left) with his students at Soemenep primary school, in a photograph dated 21 December 1909.
The Bouwman family in 1920 at their Soerabaia home, where Berend Bouwman had been transferred.
Annie and Henk Bouwman in 1929, aged 23 and 21, the stylish youths of the Roaring Twenties.